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What should I know about India's Mars orbiter mission (Mangalyaan)?

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India's first ever mission to another planet is underway - the Mars Orbiter Mission (MoM). What are the stuff I should know about Mangalyaan?
asked Oct 16, 2013 in Science & Technology by Suresh Panda  

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India's Mars Orbiter Mission or Mangalyaan is first of its kind for India and will put India in an elite club of nations that can reach other planets in the solar system. It is basically a technology demonstrator mission for ISRO with very stringent requirements in propulsion and navigation for putting a satellite in orbit around another planet. ISRO plans to gain expertise in developing the technologies required for design, planning, management and operations of an interplanetary mission.



Here are 10 things you need to know about the Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan):

  1. Going to be launched at a cost of Rs. 450 crores on 28th Oct 2013 from Sriharikota, India on a PSLV rocket with a payload of 15kgs
  2. The launch window is just 20 days from 28th Oct to reach Mars in shortest time, and using fuel saving Hohmann transfer orbit. The next launch window is in 2018
  3. The final injection into Mars orbit is planned only on 21st Sep 2014 taking 300 days to reach Mars, first 30 days of which it will orbit the Earth after launch
  4. The Indian Deep Space Network will perform navigation and tracking operations of this mission, and NASA's Deep Space Network will provide support services during the non-visible period of the Indian Deep Space Network
  5. Main objectives are of Space craft design, deep space communication and interplanetary navigation, mission planning and contigency. Only secondary is study of Mars itself
  6. The orbiter has 5 instruments on board to study Atmosphere and the surface of Mars. Surface imaging would include thermal and visual
  7. ISRO will become the 4th space agency to reach Mars after Roscosmos (Russia), NASA (USA), and ESA (Europe)
  8. Political reasons for rushing this launch mission would include preceding China in reaching Mars and to make an international statement
  9. Mangalyaan will be the World's cheapest mission to Mars. ISRO has already set trends in being the cheapest space agency to put satellites into orbit on Earth
  10. Here you can hear from a prominent scientist working on the mission itself to know more


answered Oct 16, 2013 by Shiv Jain  
selected Oct 23, 2013 by ®mayank_pandey
Awesome answer!

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